References

This page lists the references related to lasers and laser technologies in pdf format. Please download as you need. We also welcome you to submit your laser-realted references to be published here. If you have any further enquiry, please call us or send us an email. Thanks for your time.

  • Ultra-stable distribution of timing signals plays a key role in many scientific experiments and research facilitieslike free electrons lasers or radio-telescope arrays. Timing distribution via optical fiber is convenient and itenables connec
  • Radiofrequency (RF) sources are widely used in our modern world. All the radar systems, GPS and a broadrange of other technologies are based on generating and comparing RF signals. The need to have more precisemeasurement systems and faster
  • Digitalization of data opens unprecedented opportunities in telecommunication, radar and signal processing.Almost all sensing systems in use today require analog signals to be converted to digital ones. Signal rates havegrown at a rate that
  • An optical frequency comb (OFC) is a photonic tool similar to a gear in mechanics. It connects the opticalfrequency domain (THz) to the well-known microwave domain (MHz GHz). This guarantees a one to onecorrespondence between frequencies tha
  • Laser lamps are mercury-free gas discharge lamps used to pump solid-state lasers in many laser applications like welding cutting and marking. They are especially suitable for high-power lasers or lasers with high precision requirements.
  • Sintec Optronics specialises in the manufacture of periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) devices, such as, MgO-doped periodically poled lithium niobate (MgO:PPLN or PPMgO:LN) and undoped PPLN. These PPLN devices are highly efficient medi
  • A diffractive optical element (DOE) uses thin micro-structure patterns to alter the phase of the light that is propagated through it. Those micro-structures, once properly designed, can manipulate the light to almost any desired intensity pr
  • Available coating technologies include magnetron sputtering ion beam sputtering electron beam evaporation ion assisted deposition These technologies are compared in details.
  • In various industries there is a need to focus a laser beam to a well-defined size and shape with uniform intensity (flat top). A uniform spot enables even laser treatment of the working surface.
  • The first demonstration of laser action by T. H. Maiman was achieved in 1960 using ruby (Cr3+:Al2O3). In 1960, L. F. Johnson and K. Nassau demonstrated the first solid-state neodymium laser, in which the neodymium ion was a dopant in calcium
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