Electro-Optic (EO) Q-switch (Pockel cell)

Electro-Optic (EO) Q-switch (Pockel cell)

Keywords: Electro-Optic (EO) Q-switch, Pockel cell, EOQ, EO Q-switch
Aug 14, 2021 View: 7220 Data Sheet

We offer the industry standard ST-QX series, economical STG-IMPACT cells, BBO-based STG-LightGate, and large-aperture STG-TX Pockels cell lines. High-speed electronic drivers properly matched to the cell produce the best results for short pulse applications.

STG Series Pockels Cell (Electro-optic EO Q-switch)

A Pockels cell alters the polarization state of light passing through it when an applied voltage induces birefringence changes in an electro-optic crystal such as KD*P and BBO. When used in conjunction with polarizers, these cells can function as optical switches, or laser Q-switches. Frequently, Q-switches are employed in laser cavities for the purpose of shortening the output pulse, resulting in a light beam with enhanced peak intensity. In order to provide the device best suited to your purpose, we offer the industry standard ST-QX series, economical STG-IMPACT cells, BBO-based STG-LightGate, and large-aperture STG-TX Pockels cell lines. High-speed electronic drivers properly matched to the cell produce the best results for short pulse applications.

You can operate the cell with either a pull-up voltage or a pull-down voltage. Changing the polarity will only change the direction of the phase rotation. You should not, however, operate the cell with a constant applied voltage potential between the terminals, or a duty cycle greater than ~ 2%.

List of STG Series Pockels Cells

Product SeriesWavelengthVoltage Contrast RatioActive ApertureOptical Material
STG-Chiron BBO0.2 1.65µm> 500 1 at @ 1064 nm3.25 mmBBO
CdTe STG-IRX Mid-IR5-12 µm>500 1 @ 10.6 µm3 - 7,4 x10 mmCdTe
STG-IMPACT300-1100 nm>2000 1 @ 1064 nm8 - 13 mmKD*P
STG-QX1014A Short Path Length300-1100 nm>450 1N/AKD*P
STG-QX Series300-1200 nmvaries9.25 - 19.5 mmKD*P
STG-TX  Series300-1300 nmvaries19.5 - 99 mmKD*P
STG-LightGate Series BBO300- 600 nm>1000 1 @ 1064 nm2.6 - 7 mmBBO

1. STG-IMPACT Series EO Q-switches

From the world leader in nonlinear materials and electro-optic devices comes the ideal Pockels cell for OEM applications, the STG-IMPACT. Once again, we set the induSRCy standard - and at an exceptional price. In general, it operates below 1kHz. The STG-IMPACT employs the finest SRCain-free, highly deuterated KD*P available. Ceramic apertures ensure robust performance in demanding applications. Ultra-high-damage threshold Sol Gel and dielectric AR coatings are offered for a variety of laser wavelengths. The standard pin-type connectors (superior for high-voltage applications) provide quick connections and simplified design and assembly. Conventional threaded connectors are available as an option. The STG-IMPACT is back-filled with dry nitrogen.

Applications:

  • OEM laser systems

  • Medical/cosmetic lasers

  • Versatile R&D laser platforms

  • Military & aerospace laser systems

FEATURES

BENEFITS
CCI Quality - economically pricedExceptional value
Finest SRCain-free KD*PHigh contrast ratio
 High damage threshold
 Low 1/2 wave voltage
Single pass optical transmission>98%
Space efficientIdeal for compact lasers
Ceramic aperturesClean and highly damage-resistant
High contrast ratioExceptional hold-off
Quick electrical connectorsEfficient/reliable installation
Ultra-flat crystalsExcellent beam propagation

Typical Specification

Electro-optical @ 1064nm
1/4 Wave  Voltage: 3.3 kV
Transmitted Wave Front Error :<1/8 Wave
ICR>2000:1
VCR>1500:1
Capacitance: 6 pF
Sol Gel Damage Threshold @ 1064nm, 10ns pulse: 40J/cm2
Housing DimensionsSTG-IMPACT 8STG-IMPACT 9STG-IMPACT 10STG-IMPACT 13
Aperture8 mm9.25mm10 mm13 mm
Length25 mm37mm39 mm45 mm
Diameter19 mm25.3mm25.35 mm25.35 mm

Remark:

  • STG-Impact 8 standard wavelength: 1064nm & 800nm

  • STG-Impact 10/13 standard wavelength: 1064nm & 755nm

  • The 1/4 wave voltage for any of our KD*P cells, @ 800nm, will be ~2.5KV, +/- 10%

2. STG-QX Series EO Q-switches

The STG-QX series sets the standard for KD*P electro-optic Q-switches. These devices provide reliable, stable performance for a diverse range of laser applications.

We offer a unique rebuild program that extends the STG-QX lifetime. All rebuilt units are upgraded with the latest product improvements and are returned with a new one-year warranty.

The standard configuration employs a broad band, high damage threshold Sol Gel AR coating for improved durability and performance.   The STG-QX series is also available with index matching fluid and a choice of end caps. All units are tested for optic and electric function and are supplied with a QA inspection report.

Features

  • InduSRCy-proven performance

  • Dry or fluid-filled

  • Highest (99.9% KD*P) deuteration levels in induSRCy

  • Adhesive/Epoxy-free assembly

  • Premium UV-grade fused silica windows

  • Apertures from 9.25mm diameter up to 19.5mm diameter

  • Lowest absorption in induSRCy

  • High-reliability

  • Economical upgrade/rebuild program

  • Highest optical damage thresholds

  • Accessible technical support

  • Standard performance documentation

  • One-year limited warranty

  • Operation up to 10kHz (special order)

Specifications

Typical Specification 99% KD*PSTG-QX1020STG-QX1320STG-QX1630STG-QX2035
Physical



Hard aperture diameter9.25 mm12.3 mm15.1 mm19.5 mm
Single Pass Insertion Loss<1.4%<1.4%<1.8%<2.0%
Voltage Contrast Ratio



(Cross polarizers)5000:14000:13500:13000:1
(Parallel polarizers)2500:11500:11800:11000:1
DC Quarter wave voltage @1064nm3.5 kV3.5 kV3.5 kV3.5 kV
Single Pass Distortion @ 633nm<λ/8<λ/8<λ/8<λ/6
Electrical



Capacitance @ 1 kHz5pF7pF9pF13pF
10-90% Rise time (50Ω line)0.8 ns1.1 ns1.1 ns1.5 ns
Outline dimensions



Diameter34.8mm39.7mm41.3mm46.2mm
Length55.7mm58.6mm71.0mm83.9mm

STG-QX1014A Short Path Length Pockels Cell

The newest model in the induSRCy standard STG-QX series Pockels cell product line, the STG-QX1014A employs short path length components to reduce nonlinear self-focusing in higher peak power applications and temporal pulse broadening in femtosecond applications.

Attenuated crystal mounting minimizes acoustic artifacts when operating at repetition rates of up to 10kHz, or higher, depending upon the application. Employing internally sourced high-quality, low SRCain KD*P, the STG-QX1014A benefits from decades of electro-optic design and manufacturing experience.

The attenuation (damping) modification minimizes undesirable acoustic ringing effects, thereby permitting effective operation up to 10kHz. A variety of AR coating options are available, including our proprietary broadband 700-1000nm AR coating – ideal for minimizing round trip losses in Ti:Sapphire regenerative amplifiers.

Key Features

  • Short path length for operation up to 10kHz

  • Customized AR coatings including broadband AR for Ti:Sapphire applications, choice of optional wavelengths, ceramic hard clear apertures, low VOC conSRCuction materials and high-quality KD*P

Key Benefits

  • Reduced B-integral for high-damage threshold

  • High throughput (low losses)

Applications

  • Ultrafast regenerative amplifiers for spectroscopy; material processing; optical parametric amplification; femtosecond lasers for life sciences (e.g. LASIK) and material processing (e.g. photolithography mask repair)

  • Scientific research

Specifications

  • Hard aperture diameter:  8mm

  • Intrinsic contrast ratio (ICR) @ 633 nm:  >1200:1

  • Voltage contrast ratio (VCR) @ 633 nm:  >450:1

  • Optical transmission @ coating wavelength:  >98%

  • DC half-wave voltage @ 633 nm: £3.8kV

  • Transmitted wavefront error TWE (single pass distortion) @ 633 nm:  £λ/8

  • Outline dimensions: Dia.34.8mm, Length 51.6mm

3. STG-CHIRON BBO Pockels Cell

STG-Chiron BBO Pockels cell raises the bar for high repetition rate and high average power laser applications. The STG-Chiron BBO Pockels cell design builds on the dual crystal geometry successfully used to minimize drive voltage (~2.3 kV quarter-wave voltage @1064 nm for the STG-Chiron). BBO Pockels cells operate from approximately 0.2 to 1.65 μm and are not subject to tracking degradation. Due to the low piezoelectric coupling coefficients of BBO, the Chiron 3 functions at repetition rates up to 1 MHz. STG-Chiron Pockels cells work in regenerative amplifiers, high pulse repetition rate micro-machining lasers, and high-average power lasers for material processing and metal annealing.

Key Features

  • High pulse rate operation to 1 MHz

  • Solid state – no index matching fluid

  • Low acoustic noise

  • Damage resistant ceramic apertures

  • Compact design

  • High-reliability

  • Operation at high average power

Key Benefits

  • Ideal for high average power systems

  • Low absorption leading to reduced thermal lensing/thermal depolarization

  • Exceptional high repetition rate performance

  • Excellent, accessible technical support

Applications

  • Military

  • OEM and replacement laser systems for machining, marking, via drilling; ophthalmology; Q-switching and regenerative amplifiers; research

Specifications:

  • Hard aperture diameter: 3.25 mm

  • Single pass insertion loss @ 1064 nm:  < 1.5%

  • Intrinsic contrast ratio (ICR) @ 1064 nm: > 1000:1

  • Voltage contrast ratio (VCR) @ 1064 nm (parallel polarizers): > 500:1

  • Single pass wavefront distortion @ 1064 nm:  <λ/6

  • LIDT1, 10 Hz @1064 nm, 10 ns, ~1 mm diameter: 10 J/cm2

  • Capacitance (DC):        ~4 pF

  • DC half wave voltage @ 1064 nm: 4.3 to 4.9 kV

  • Temperature range exposure to simulate storage and shipping conditions:-25°C to 50°C

  • 10-90% rise time (theoretical) into 50 Ω line:~1 ns

  • Duty cycle in 1 s (applied voltage time / total time):<5%

  • Dimensions: dia. 25.3mm length 57.7mm

4. STG-TX Series KD*P Pockels Cells

STG-TX series KD*P Pockels cells are the most advanced large aperture optical isolators commercially available and are proven performers in high power applications. We are the leading producer of Pockels cells for the development of laser induced nuclear fusion and sub-micron microlithography. Nearly 300 units are in use worldwide; more than twice the total from all other manufacturers combined. We have incorporated state-of-the-art features, such as specially modified cylindrical-ring electrode geometries for optimum aperture extinction and transmission uniformity and minimum optical path length. Series STG-TX cells also feature axially adjustable windows for sub-millimeter control of window/crystal spacing and 224 TPI differential screws for arc-second adjustment of windows parallelism or net wedge. These units typically have a lifetime of many years and can often be rebuilt for a fraction of the cost of a new unit. Each unit comes with detailed 2-page/4-photo test documentation for quality assurance. We install premium 50 ohm GHV series electrical receptacles on series STG-TX cells because of their 20 kVDC and 1 GHz mil-spec ratings (used with RG-8 A/U or RG-213/U coaxial cable). We stock GHV bulkhead receptacles as well as cable-end plugs.

Features

  • Axially adjustable windows for sub-millimeter control of window/crystal spacing

  • 224 TPI differential screws for arc-second adjustment of input/output windows parallelism

  • Double fill/drain ports

  • Individually accessible crystal faces for convenient inspection or cleaning

  • 50 C transmission line drive configuration is standard.

  • Precision milled and epoxy-free

  • A range of apertures available

Benefits

  • Expanded beam allows for reduced intensity

Applications

  • Q-switching and optical isolators in pettawatt/terawatt lasers

  • Optical isolation and low frequency modulation of high power visible to NIR laser beams

Typical SpecificationsSTG-TX2042STG-TX2650STG-TX3460STG-TX5065STG-TX7595STG-TX100D
PHYSICAL





L x H x W (mm)185x80x8597x87x92102x95x103115x111x119151x136x144157x 161x169
Hard aperture19.5 mm25.5 mm33.5 mm49.5 mm73.5 mm99.0 mm
Weight1.1 kg1.4 kg1.9 kg2.7 kg5.4 kg7.5 kg
Crystal deuteration295%95%95%95%95%95%
OPTICAL (1064nm)





Single pass insertion loss3.5%4%5%5%6.5%7%
Voltage contrast ratio

Crossed polarizers

Parallel polarizers

8000:1

3000:1

8000:1

2500:1

6000:1

1500:1

3000:1

500:1

800:1

300:1

200:1

100:1

Maximum residual birefringence (typically  < 1% of aperture)< 10 nm< 12 nm< 18 nm< 20 nm< 40 nm< 80 nm
DC halfway voltage6.4 kV6.4 kV6.7 kV6.9 kV7.3 kV7.7 kV
Single pass distortionλ/20λ/20λ/20λ/20λ/20λ/20
ELECTRICAL





Capacitance @ 1 kHz23 pF27 pF32 pF56 pF86 pF115 pF
10-90% risetime1 nsec<2 nsec2 nsec3 nsec5 nsec7 nsec
  1. L=housing length along optic axis direction; W=width between electrical terminals; H=height

  2. 99% deuterated KD*P and UV-grade KDP also available in certain sizes.

5. STG-IRX Series CdTe Pockels Cell

Initially designed to address the Q-switched CO2 laser market at 10.6μm, the cadmium telluride - based STG-IRX Q-switch may be configured to operate from 3-12μm. Its' high electro-optic coefficient and non-hygroscopic nature makes CdTe well-suited for this purpose. Through more than 30 years of electro-optic device design experience, we provide IRX Pockels cells with application-specific AR coatings or Brewster-cut ends, in apertures ranging from 3mm-10mm. The IRX Pockels cells are able to address applications beyond the spectral range of traditional oxide Pockels cells.

Features

  • High electro-optic coefficient CdTe crystal

  • Available with apertures ranging from 3-10 mm AR coated or Brewster-cut crystals available

  • Environmentally isolated EO crystal

  • Customized versions available

  • Active cooling available (patent pending)

  • Operation from 3 μm-12 μm up to 100 kHz

  • Patent pending environmental control and high power water cooled option

  • Non-hygroscopic material

  • Low optical absorption

Benefits

  • High contrast ratio

  • Operation over wide spectral range

Applications

  • CO2 laser Q-switching

  • IR pulse picking

Typical specificationsSTG-IRX3STG-IRX4STG-IRX5STG-IRX7STG-IRX9
Aperture diameters 13 mm4 mm5 mm7 mm9 mm
Optical transmission>98% @ 10.6 μm with 10.6 μm coatings
Intrinsic contrast ratio (ICR) @ 10.6 μm>500:1
Voltage contrast ratio (VCR) @ 10.6 μm>500:1
Single pass wavefront distortion @ 10.6 μm<λ/4
Spectral range of operationMust specify wavelength or band within 5-12 μm range
Optical transmission>98% @ 10.6 μm with 10.6 μm coatings
LIDT 22.3 J/cm2 , 1 mm diameter, 2.94 μm, 2 Hz, 100 ns
DC quarter-wave voltage (±6%) @ 10.6 μm~4 kV~5 kV~6 kV~7 kV~9 kV
Capacitance (DC)~ 6 pF
10-90% rise time (theoretical) into 50 Ω line~0.3 ns
Duty cycle in 1 s (applied voltage time/total time)< 10%
DimensionsDia 34.9mm, Length 92.7mm

1 Custom aperture sizes available

2 Recommended operation at 1/10 this fluence for increased longevity. LIDT will vary with wavelength and beam parameters.

SRC Series RTP Electro-optic Q-Switches

RTP (Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate) is a robust electro‐optic crystal suitable for a wide variety of applications (such as Q‐Switches, Amplitude & Phase Modulators, Pulse Pickers, etc.) and operation in industrial, medical, and defence products. The crystal is transparent at most common visible and near infrared laser wavelengths. It performs well over a wide temperature range (from ‐500C to +700C) and at high repetition rates. RTP based Q‐switch devices are offered in matched pair configurations, in a temperature compensating design. When used for applications such as Q-switches and Amplitude Modulators, the crystals are mounted such that the input beam is polarized along the diagonal of the face. Our Q-switch is built using 2 RTP (Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate) elements in a temperature compensating design. The unique properties of RTP, including high electrical resistivity (~1012 Ω-cm) and a high damage threshold, result in a Q-switch with excellent properties.

Our new SRC Series IRTP Pockels Cell is the first product that brings the advantages of RTP to the EO mass market. This IRTP is a modified version of our RTP, designed specifically for industrial laser applications. It is ideal for applications that require advanced characteristics, such as non-hygroscopic, high thermal stability, and high repetition rates. This IRTP is a standard off -the- shelf solution that offers high performance EO cells at the price of standard industry Pockels Cell.

Advantages:

  • High Damage Threshold: No: Piezoelectric Ringing

  • Low Insertion Loss: Thermal: Compensating Design

  • Non-hygroscopic

Features:

  • High laser damage threshold

  • Fast rise-fall time and pulse width

  • Non-hygroscopic material

  • Low absorption losses

  • No acoustic ringing (up to at least 350kHz)

  • Thermal stability over a wide operational temperature range (10ºC –50ºC)

SRC Series IRTP Pockels Cell Specifications

IRTP Parameters

SRC-IRTP-6

SRC-IRTP-8

SRC-IRTP-10

Aperture

6x6mm

8x8mm

10x10mm

Capacitance

<6pf

Quarter wave voltage (@1064)

3.3KV

Optical transmission

>99%

ER (@1064)

≥27dB

Damage threshold

Typically, >1GW/ cm2

Alignment access

1 axis alignment

Housing Dimensions

 Round: θ35mm, length 35mm   (there is a 1’’ design) Square: 35mmx35mmx35mm

Rise time

<1ns

Thermal Stability

10-50 Deg

RTP Q-switch working at 30kHz

BBO Q-switch working at 30kHz

The graphs above show the behaviour of RTP and BBO Q switches at high repetition rates. In particular, the BBO shows Piezoelectric ringing at 30 kHz, while the RTP Q switch shows no ringing at this frequency. The BBO Q switch has a 2.5x2.5x25 mm element, while the RTP Q switch has two 6x6x7mm elements.

STC Series Pockels Cells (Electro-Optic Q-switches)

1. STC Series BBO Pockels Cells

  • Minimal piezoelectric ringing

  • Low absorption

  • Broad transmission ranges from 200nm to 2000nm

  • Compact size

Part NumberSTC-BBO1.8STC-BBO2.5STC-BBO3.6STC-BBO2.8
Dimensions25.4×3925.4×3925.4×3920X37.5
Clear Aperture1.82.53.62.8
Crystal Size2*2*203*3*204*4*203X3X20
Quantity of Crystals1111
Wavelength range410-3500nm410-3500nm410-3500nm410-3500nm
Quarter-Wave Voltage2400360048003600
Operation Wavelength1064nm1064nm1064nm1064NM
ElectrodesGold-coated PINGold-coated PINGold-coated PINGold-coated PIN
Insertion Loss<2%<2%<2%<2%
Extinction Ratio>1000:1>1000:1>1000:1>1000:1
Capacitance>4>4>4>4
LIDT@1064nm,10ns 10Hz500MW/cm2500MW/cm2500MW/cm2>600MW/cm2


Part NumberSTC-2BBO1.8STC-2BBO2.5STC-2BBO3.6
Dimensions (mm)25.4×6725.4×6725.4×67
Clear Aperture (mm)1.82.53.6
Crystal Size (mm)2*2*203*3*204*4*20
Quantity of Crystals222
Wavelength range410-3500nm410-3500nm410-3500nm
Quarter-Wave Voltage (V)120018002400
Operation Wavelength1064nm1064nm1064nm
ElectrodesGold-coated PINGold-coated PINGold-coated PIN
Insertion Loss<2%<2%<2%
Extinction Ratio>500:1>500:1>500:1
Capacitance (pF)>4>4>4
LIDT@1064nm,10ns 10Hz500MW/cm2500MW/cm2500MW/cm2

2. STC Series LiNbO3 Pockels Cells

Our optical grade LiNbO3 crystal has good electro-optic performance, large nonlinear coefficient, good optical uniformity, stable mechanical and chemical properties, no deliquescent, low half-wave voltage, and can be applied to high repetition rate operation. It is high in extinction ratio and laser damage threshold. LN electro-optic Q-switches are widely used in Er:YAG, Ho:YAG, Tm:YAG lasers, and are suitable for low-power Q-switched output, especially in laser ranging. We offer the most compact Q-switches for our customers. Furthermore,  we also can custom-design and make the Q-switches according to your specific requirements to meet your various applications.

  • Large nonlinear optical coefficient

  • Large receiving angle

  • Small walk-off angle

  • Wide temperature and spectral bandwidth

  • High photoelectric coefficient and low dielectric constant

  • Non-absorbent, stable chemical and mechanical properties

Part NumberSTC-032855G1STC-052855G1STC-082855G1STC-092855G1
Dimensions, LxWxH, mm 55x28x2455x28x2455x28x2455x28x24
Clear Aperture, CA, mm2.5589
Crystal Size, mm3x3x256x6x259x9x2510x10x25
Quantity of Crystals1111
Wavefront Distortionλ/8@633nm
Quarter-Wave Voltage, V885140024002700
Operation Wavelength1064nm
ElectrodesCu/Cr PIN
Insertion Loss<3%
Extinction Ratio>500:1 (LN); >200:1 (MgO:LN)
Capacitance, pF<5
LIDT@1064nm,10ns 10Hz>100MW/cm2(LN); >300MW/cm2(MgO:LN)

3. STC Series DKDP Pockels Cells

DKDP electro-optic Q-switches (Q-switch, Pockels Cells) are widely used in high-power, narrow-pulse (<10ns) laser systems due to their unique physical properties and excellent optical quality.

The DKDP crystal is a uniaxial crystal with excellent optical quality with an extinction ratio of >2000:1 (measured using a 632 nm He-Ne laser) with a wave front distortion of 98%. The DKDP electro-optic Q-switching capacitance is small (about 3-5pF), so that the rise time is short (<0.5ns), and a narrow pulse width laser beam can be achieved during Q-switching. Compared with the widely used electro-optic crystals on the market, DKDP crystals have higher damage thresholds (>1GW/cm2) under optical conditions of 10ns pulse width, 1064 nm wavelength and repetition rate 10Hz.

  • Wave front distortion: low capacitance

  • Short rise time: ~3pf

  • High transmittance: >98%

  • High damage threshold: >1GW/cm²

  • No static birefringence, no photorefractive damage

  • Anti-reflective coated quartz window

  • Resistant to ambient temperature shock and excellent electro-optic performance

Part NumberSTC-DK10STC-DK12STC-DK25STC-DK30STC-DK50
DimensionD25x39mmD25x41mmD55X80mmD55X80mmNIL
Clear Aperture10mm12mm25mm30mm50mm
Quarter-wave Voltage3200V3200V6500V6800V7500V
ElectrodesPINPINCu/CrCu/CrCu/Cr
Insertion Loss<2%<2%<2%<3%<5%
Extinction Ratio>2500:1>2500:1>155:1>1000:1>700:1
Capacitance<5 pF<5 pF<12pF<15pF<35pF
LIDT @1064nm, 10ns, 10Hz>800MW/cm2>800MW/cm2>850MW/cm2;

>1GW/cm2 @500ps

>850MW/cm2;

>1GW/cm2 @500ps

>850MW/cm2;

>1GW/cm2 @500ps

We can custom-design and –make specific Q-switches such as cubic outlook, nitrogen encapsulated, lead-wire electrodes etc as follows. Please send us your detailed requirements via email or phone.

RTP Electro-optic Q-Switch

RTP (Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate) is a robust electro‐optic crystal suitable for a wide variety of applications (such as Q‐Switches, Amplitude & Phase Modulators, Pulse Pickers, etc.) and operation in induSRCial, medical, and defense products. The crystal is transparent at most common visible and near infrared laser wavelengths. It performs well over a wide temperature range (from ‐500C to +700C) and at high repetition rates. RTP based Q‐switch devices are offered in matched pair configurations, in a temperature compensating design. When used for applications such as Q-switches and Amplitude Modulators, the crystals are mounted such that the input beam is polarized along the diagonal of the face. Our Q-switch is built using 2 RTP (Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate) elements in a temperature compensating design. The unique properties of RTP, including high electrical resistivity (~1012 Ω-cm) and a high damage threshold, result in a Q-switch with excellent properties.

Advantages:

  • High Damage Threshold: No Piezoelectric Ringing

  • Low Insertion Loss: Thermal Compensating Design

  • Non-hygroscopic

Specifications:

  • Transmission at 1064 nm: > 98.5 %

  • Half Wave Voltage at 1064 nm, for 9x9x25 nm Q switch: 1.3 - 1.5 KV

  • Contrast Ratio: > 20 dB

  • Clear Aperture: From 2x2 to 15x15 mm

  • Acceptance Angle: > 1 degree

  • AR coatings: R  < 0.2% at 1064 nm

  • Damage threshold: > 600 MW/cm2 at 1064 nm (t=10 ns)

Part Numbers: SRC-O-CR-L-E-W

SRC means RTP EO Q-switches, O means the crystal’s cutting orientation (X/Y/Z), CR means cross section, L means crystal length, E means extinction ratio in dB (20, 23, 25 or 30), W means wavelength.

Selection Guide

Part numberCrystal size (mm)HWV (kV)Part numberCrystal size (mm)HWV (kV)
SRC-Y-020-5-20-10642x2x51.3SRC-Y-020-10-20-10642x2x100.66
SRC-Y-030-5-20-10643x3x52.0SRC-Y-030-10-20-10643x3x100.99
SRC-Y-040-5-20-10644x4x52.6SRC-Y-040-10-20-10644x4x101.3
SRC-Y-050-5-20-10645x5x53.3SRC-Y-050-10-20-10645x5x101.7
SRC-Y-060-5-20-10646x6x54.0SRC-Y-060-10-20-10646x6x102.0
SRC-X-020-5-20-10642x2x51.6SRC-X-020-10-20-10642x2x100.79
SRC-X-030-5-20-10643x3x52.4SRC-X-030-10-20-10643x3x101.2
SRC-X-040-5-20-10644x4x53.2SRC-X-040-10-20-10644x4x101.6
SRC-X-050-5-20-10645x5x54.0SRC-X-050-10-20-10645x5x102.0
SRC-X-060-5-20-10646x6x54.8SRC-X-060-10-20-10646x6x102.4
SRC-X-070-5-20-10647x7x55.6SRC-X-070-10-20-10647x7x102.8
SRC-X-080-5-20-10648x8x56.4SRC-X-080-10-20-10648x8x103.2
SRC-X-090-5-20-10649x9x57.2SRC-X-090-10-20-10649x9x103.6

The graphs above show the behaviour of RTP and BBO Q switches at high repetition rates. In particular, the BBO shows Piezoelectric ringing at 30 kHz, while the RTP Q switch shows no ringing at this frequency. The BBO Q switch has a 2.5x2.5x25 mm element, while the RTP Q switch has two 6x6x7mm elements.

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